第六十五輯.第四期 - 2019-12-31


The Instruction of Visual-Empowerment on the Perspective of Critical Pedagogy: A Case Study on the Practice of Self-filming Workshop among Southeast Asian Migrant Workers

作 者:
柯妧青 / Wan-Ching Ke
自我再現、批判識讀教育、東南亞移工、影像培力 / critical pedagogy, self-filming as empowerment, Southeast Asian migrant workers, self-representation
  • 摘要
  • 英文摘要
  • 參考文獻
  • 學術引用
基於個人核心關懷,研究者參與一項「東南亞移工自拍影片工作坊」計畫, 教導移工拍攝「第一人稱」影片自我發聲,並蒐集資料以探究批判識讀教育理 論如何實踐於影像培力教學。研究對象為研究者所指導的六位參與自拍課程之 菲律賓籍加工區女作業員。研究發現,移工的感知與覺察力雖有差別,以提問 (problem-posing)及對話(dialogue)方式引導其透過生命經驗與個人故事進行 反身性思考,確能呈現具主體性的對話文本;自我觀看方式的影片製作歷經「啟 動思考」、「產生想法」、「形成概念」、「產製意義」動態循環,啟發移工於 自我再現的過程中自我整理與深度思考,建構具批判反思力的影音文本,展現其 能動性。
Based on my concerns about subjectivity and representation of “non-mainstream” communities, the “self-filming” workshop, my being participated with six Southeast Asian migrant workers, has been my critical-oriented case study aimed to explore how the video production can help marginalized others empower and voice for themselves. And these six Filipino factory workers are definitely reported in the article. My research findings are as the followings. Firstly, each of migrant worker’s difference reveals some perceived self-awareness and sensibilities. Subsequently, critical-literacy theory, as my research methodology that emphasized on “problem-posing” and “dialogue”, could guide the Southeast Asian migrant workers to raise their consciousness of subjectivity at life-experience-based film works and to inspire them to establish alternative perspectives via self-looking and critical-thinking ways. And finally, the films could be presented exactly as high-cultural and dialogue-valued texts.

王君琦(2018)。再思自我再現做為培力的方法:以花蓮新移民女性紀錄影像工作坊為 例。女學學誌:婦女與性別研究,421-37

[Wang, C.-C. (2018). Self-representation as a form of empowerment: A documentary-making workshop for female marriage immigrants in Hualien, Taiwan. Journal of Women's and Gender Studies, 42, 1-37.]

王榮祥(201937日)。「怎麼瑪麗亞變老師了?」遭批歧視 韓國瑜解釋⋯。自由 時報。取自https://news.ltn.com.tw/news/politics/breakingnews/2719166

[Wang, R.-H. (2019, March 7). “How did Maria become a teacher?” Accused of racism K.-Y. Han explained... Liberty Times. Retrieved from https://news.ltn.com.tw/news/politics/ breakingnews/2719166] 


[Wang, H.-L. (2005). Critical pedagogy: Power struggle, textual politics and educational practice. Taiwan Journal of Sociology of Education, 5(12), 85-112.]


[Ho, C.-J. (2003). Core issues of educational programs for interethnic-marriage immigrants: Reflections on an action research experience. Bulletin of Educational Research, 49(4), 33-60.]

吳承翰(2019829日)。歧視外勞?韓:我們出去的是鳳凰 進來都是雞。今日新。取自https://www.nownews.com/news/20190829/3598282/

[Wu, C.-H. (2019, August 29). Discrimination against foreign workers? Han: We’re out with Phoenix, we’re in with chickens. Nownews. Retrieved from https://www.nownews.com/news/20190829/3598282/]

李奉儒(2003)。P. Freire的批判教學論對於教師實踐教育改革的啟示。教育研究集刊,49(3),1-30

[Lee, F.-J. (2003). P. Freire’s critical pedagogy and its implications for teachers implementing educational reforms in Taiwan. Bulletin of Educational Research, 49(3), 1-30.]


[Lee, T.-F. (1996). Theory of women’s cinema. Taipei, Taiwan: Yang-Chih.]

林佩璇(2000)。個案研究及其在教育研究上的應用。載於國立中正大學教育研究所 (主編),質的研究方法(頁239-262)。高雄市:麗文。

[Lin, P.-H. (2000). The introduction and application of case study on educational research. In Graduate Institute of Education, National Chung Cheng University (Ed.), Qualitative research (pp. 239-262). Kaohsiung, Taiwan: Li-Wen.]

林純伃(2011)。Paulo Freire意識覺醒理論探究越南新移民女性意識覺醒之歷程(未出版之碩士論文)。國立臺北教育大學,臺北市。

[Lin, C.-Y. (2011). From Paulo Freire’s conscientization theory to explore the process of Female Vietnamese Immigrants’s conscientization (Unpublished master’s thesis). National Taipei University of Education, Taipei, Taiwan.]


[Ke, W.-C. (2013). Research on self-filming by female immigrants from South East Asia: Learning process and self-representation (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). National Kaohsiung Normal University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.]

柯妧青(2015)。從壓迫到解放:南洋新移民女性自拍影片的反再現與實踐。臺灣教育 社會學研究,15(1),89-131

[Ke, W.-C. (2015). From oppression to liberation: The anti-representation and praxis of self- filming among female immigrants from Southeast Asia. Taiwan Journal of Sociology of Education, 15(1), 89-131.]

[Chang, C.-H., & Ke, Y.-H. (1995). Women in media (Vol. 1). Taipei, Taiwan: Local Business.]


[Chen, C.-F., & Yin, M.-H. (2015). Media representation of “transnational migrants”: The analysis on news coverage of Taiwan’s mainstream newspapers. Mass Communication Research, 125, 49-93.]


[Ministry of Labor. (2018). Foreign workers in productive industries and social welfare.Retrieved from http://statdb.mol.gov.tw/html/mon/212020.htm]


[Huang, L.-J. (2017, July 15). Sad song of migrant workers in Taiwan, she became undocumented worker 14 years, working 15-hours per day. Liberty Times. Retrieved from http://news.ltn.com.tw/news/society/paper/1081102]


[Lan, P.-C. (2005). Stratified otherization: Recruitment, training and racialization of migrant domestic workers. Taiwanese Journal of Sociology, 34, 1-57.]

Alvesson, M., & Skoldberg, K. (2011). 反身性方法論:質性研究的新視野(施盈廷、劉忠博、張時健,譯)。臺北市:韋伯。(原著出版於2000)

[Alvesson, M., & Skoldberg, K. (2011). Reflexive methodology: New vistas for qualitative research (Y.-T. Shih, Z.-B. Liu, & S.-C. Chang, Trans.). Taipei, Taiwan: Weber. (Original work published 2000)]

Aronowitz, S., & Giroux, H. A. (1991). Postmodern education: Political, culture and social criticism. New York, NY: Routledge.

Berger, J. (1972). Ways of seeing: Based on the BBC television series with John Berger. London, UK: British Broadcasting Corporation and Penguin.

Chow, R. (2003). Where have all the natives gone. In L. Reina & M. Sara (Eds.), Feminist postcolonial theory: A reader (pp. 324-349). New York, NY: Routledge.

Clegg, S., & Hardy, C. (1996). Some dare call it power. In S. Clegg, C. Hardy, & W. Nord (Eds.), Handbook of organization studies (pp. 621-641). London, UK: Sage.

Freire, P. (1970). The adult literacy process as cultural action for freedom. Harvard Educational Review, 40(2), 205-225.

Freire, P. (1998). Paulo Freire: A dialogue with C. A. Torres. In C. A Torres (Ed.), Education, power, and personal biography: Dialogue with critical educators (pp. 89-106). New York, NY: Routledge.

Freire, P. (2000). Pedagogy of the oppressed. New York, NY: Continuum.
Freire, P. (2005).
Education for critical consciousness. New York, NY: Continuum.
Giroux, H. A., & McLaren, P. L. (Eds.). (1989).
Critical pedagogy, the state, and cultural struggle. New York, NY: State University of New York Press.

Giroux, H. A. (2005). Border crossings-cultural workers and the politics of education. New York, NY: Routledge.

Hall, S. (1996). What is this “black” in black popular culture? In D. Morley & K.-H. Chen (Eds.), Stuart hall: Critical dialogues in critical studies (pp. 468-478). New York, NY: Routledge.

Hall, S. (1997). Critical dialogues in cultural studies. London, UK: Routledge.

Kanpol, B. (2004). 批判教育學導論(張盈堃、彭秉權、蔡宜剛、劉益誠,譯)。臺北市:心理。(原著出版於1999)

[Kanpol, B. (2004). Critical pedagogy: An introduction (Y.-K. Chang, P.-C. Peng, I.-K. Tsai, & Y.-C. Liu, Trans.). Taipei, Taiwan: Psychological. (Original work published 1999)]

McLaren, P. L. (1998). Life in schools: An introduction to critical pedagogy in the foundations of education. New York, NY: Addison Wesley Longman.

Morris, R. (2010). Can the subaltern speak?: Re ections on the history of an idea. New York, NY: Columbia University Press. 

Nichols, B. (1988). The voice of documentary. In A. Rosenthal (Ed.), New challenges for documentary (pp. 48-63). Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

Nichols, B. (2010). Introduction to documentary (2nd ed.). Bloomington, UK: Indiana University Press.

Nieto, S. (1996). Af rming diversity: The sociopolitical context of multicultural education (2nd ed.). White Plains, NY: Longman.

Perez, R. D. (2007). A philosophy of lm education (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, Canada.

Ruby, J. (1988). The image mirrored: Reflexivity and the documentary film. In A. Rosenthal (Ed.), New challenges for documentary (pp. 64-77). Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

Sturken, M., & Cartwright, L. (2001). Practices of looking: An introduction to visual cultureNew York, NY: Oxford University Press.

U.S. Department of State. (2017). Country reports on human rights practices for 2016. Retrieved from https://www.state.gov/j/drl/rls/hrrpt/humanrightsreport/index.htm?year=2016&dlid=2 65374#wrapper