第五十六輯.第二期 - 2010-06-30

兒童中心學說的傳入與展開―日治時期臺灣公學校修身教育之研究(1928-1941)

The Introduction and Development of the Child-centeredness: A Study on Moral Education of Taiwanese Common Schools During the Japanese Colonial Period (1928-1941)

作 者:
祝若穎 / Jo-Ying Chu
關鍵字:
兒童中心學說、日治時期、修身教育、公學校 / child-centeredness、Japanese colonial period、moral education、common schools
  • 摘要
  • 英文摘要
  • 參考文獻
  • 學術引用
本文以兒童中心學說為主軸,首先說明該思想如何傳入日本及其對道德教育的影響。日本於大正期間,自由主義及兒童中心學說之思想盛行。約1928至1941年,該思想於臺灣教育界謂為風潮。本文以公學校修身書及教學法做為分析對象,探究該思想的實際展現情形,顯示修身書較能以兒童的立場來編纂,並出現較多社會倫理及近代市民的素材。教學法上也多有現代進步的元素,如重視個別差異與直觀教學等,上述意義為該學說引進當時臺灣的發展與落實。從該思想傳播途徑與轉變內涵來看,傳至日本是一重轉變,臺灣則是二重轉變。兒童中心學說在殖民地教育僅是取其方法表面上之改良,不能深化於教育本質,亦無法擺脫日本天皇的道德權威地位。然而在僵化體制下,教學法與教師角色如一股活泉般,展現出教育的韌性與能動性。
Based on the idea of child-centeredness, this article illustrates how it was introduced into Japan and its impact on moral education. During the Tai-Shou(大正)era in Japan, liberalism and child-centeredness prevailed in Japan. They came into vogue in educational circles from 1928 to 1941 in Taiwan. This article investigates such phenomenon through analyzing the moral textbooks and pedagogy used by contemporary common schools. It shows that moral textbooks could be written from children’s standpoint and include more social morality. There was a great deal of modern progress made in pedagogy, such as emphasizing individual differences among students. Child-centeredness seemed to develop and strengthen in Taiwan during that time. Throughout the introduction and transformation of this idea, transformation first occurred in Japan, and then secondly in Taiwan. The adoption of child-centeredness only made superficial improvements in the colonial education system. However, even under such rigid systems, the pedagogy and the role of teachers were like a vital spring that demonstrated the toughness and adaptability of education.

APA 格式
祝若穎(Jo-Ying Chu)(2010年06月30日),〈兒童中心學說的傳入與展開―日治時期臺灣公學校修身教育之研究(1928-1941)〉。《教育研究集刊》,2014年01月25日取自:http://bulletin.ed.ntnu.edu.tw/bookindex/?mode=detail&id=1230

 

MLA 格式
祝若穎(Jo-Ying Chu),〈兒童中心學說的傳入與展開―日治時期臺灣公學校修身教育之研究(1928-1941)〉。《教育研究集刊》第 56 期(2010),取自:http://bulletin.ed.ntnu.edu.tw/bookindex/?mode=detail&id=1230


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