第六十四輯.第二期 - 2018-06-30

促進性別容納或再製男性主導?從女 性觀點解析專案導向式學習在工程教育中的應用

Promoting Gender-inclusion or Reproducing Male-dominance? From Female Perspectives on Project-based Learning in Engineering Study

作 者:
洪瑞璇、曾正宜 / Jui-Hsuan Hung, Jeng-Yi Tzeng
關鍵字:
女性工程學習、性別容納式科學教育、專案導向式學習模式 / female students in engineering study, gender-inclusive science education, project-based learning
  • 摘要
  • 英文摘要
  • 參考文獻
  • 學術引用
許多工程教育研究認為專案導向式學習(project-based learning, PBL)可促 進性別容納、改善性別區隔困境,但多為學理論述,缺少實徵資料佐證。本研 究藉由解析女性在專案歷程中的觀點與學習經驗,探討PBL是否呼應性別容納精 神,或實則再製男性主導文化。在一門大學工學院PBL課程中,透過小組專案歷 程影片與文件報告資料的分析,以及與六名女學生的深入訪談,從女性視角來描 繪PBL學習經驗。研究發現,女性學習者對PBL課程設計理念抱持正向態度,但 充滿性別刻板期望的社會文化結構仍透過小組性別互動權力關係,鞏固並再製工 程教育男性主導文化,而阻礙性別容納。本研究最後並提出有關工程教育PBL課 程及後續研究之相關建議。
Many engineering educators claimed that project-based learning (PBL) provides gender inclusive learning environment for learners, from which women can benefit especially in studying traditionally male-dominant subjects such as engineering. Unfortunately, most of these claims were not supported by empirical evidences. We examined such claims by delving into women’s perspectives on a team-based PBL course offered for first-year undergraduate students by School of Engineering in a university in northwestern Taiwan. We thoroughly examined videos and reports from team activities, and conducted in-depth individual interviews with 6 female students. We found that female participants were positive about the PBL in general, but still felt the pressure of male-dominance in group interactions, which replicated gender bias from the social and cultural stereotypes. Suggestions were made for future design and implementation of PBL in engineering courses.

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82 教育研究集刊 第64輯第2期 

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