第六十二輯.第三期 - 2016-09-30

晚清甲午前使英人員教育見聞研究

A Study on the Educataional Experiences of Chinese Diplomats in Britain Before 1894

作 者:
周愚文 / Yu-Wen Chou
關鍵字:
外交官、英國教育、晚清、教育借入 / British education, diplomats, educational borrowing, late Ch’ing
  • 摘要
  • 英文摘要
  • 參考文獻
  • 學術引用
中國教育西化始於晚清,官方對主要對手英國教育的接觸,則遲至光緒朝初,本文旨在探討甲午前7位使英外交官對於英教育的觀察,進而分析其認識程度及影響。主要史料為諸人日記或筆記,其範圍涵蓋中小學、大學、海軍學堂、女子學校、職業學校及師範學校,地區以英格蘭為主,另提及教育行政制度及學制。7人中有2人通曉英語,餘人參訪時需透過翻譯,以致產生理解差異。其所留紀錄,甲午前多已出版,數位後使英者,曾看過前人之書。限於當時社會反洋的氛圍濃厚,以致諸人在英國的一手教育見聞,實難大量引介到國內,以帶動教育革新。以教育遷移理論觀之,此過程只能視為教育借入前的醞釀階段。
The westernization of Chinese education was emerged since late Ch’ing, however the acquaintance with the British education was after the establishment of envoy in 1876. The aim of this paper is to inquire the educational experiences of seven Chinese diplomats in Britain before 1894. Their diaries and notebooks were analyzed. The main findings are as follows. Elementary and secondary schools, universities and colleges, naval academy, girl’s school, vocational school and teacher training school were introduced, and most of them were located in England. Only two diplomats knew English, so others needed translators’ help when they visited schools, therefore there was the difference of understanding among the same thing. Most records were published before 1894, and some were read by successive diplomats. Because the anti-westerners atmosphere was severe, those diplomats’ experiences about British education were difficult to be introduced to inspire the reform in Ch’ing China. From the viewpoint of educational transfer theory, those experiences might be explained as the brewing of educational borrowing.

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