第六十三輯.第一期 - 2017-03-31

大學學習成果總檢驗: 合頂石—總結性課程

A Total Inspection of College Student Learning Outcomes: Capstone Courses as Summative Courses

作 者:
符碧真 / Bih-Jen Fwu
合頂石、學習成果、總結性評量、總結性課程 / capstone course, learning outcomes, summative evaluation, summative course
  • 摘要
  • 英文摘要
  • 參考文獻
  • 學術引用
第二輪大學系所評鑑及中華工程教育學會的國際認證都強調學習成果導向, 然如何檢驗學習成果,各系所莫不苦思解決之道。「總結性課程」被視為檢驗學 習成果最典型的方式。本文旨在探討:一、總結性課程是學習成果總檢驗的好方 法嗎?二、總結性課程要發揮功效,需有哪些配套措施?結果指出,總結性課程 的初衷在幫助學生達到統整、收尾、反思、銜接的功能,而學生最後產出的學習 成果展現系所的教學成效,順勢檢驗核心能力達成程度,故同時被視為大學學習 總檢驗真實可靠、有效果、高效率的方法。其次,學生學術準備度是總結性課程 成敗的關鍵,系所宜系統性規劃課程,使學生具備紮實的學術基礎後,總結性課 程才能發揮功效。對於總結性課程這個新概念,希望拋磚引玉,引發更多討論, 以於實踐時更臻完善。
Student learning outcomes have been gradually emphasized in university program evaluation and IEET’s accreditation. Every program is striving to determine the best way to assess student learning outcomes. Capstone courses have been viewed as a typical assessment of learning outcomes. This study investigated if capstone courses are an appropriate method to evaluate student performance, and searched for relevant measures to make capstone courses work. The results showed that capstone courses not only help students with integration, closure, reflection and transition, but also serve as an authentic, effective and efficient way of summative evaluation for student learning outcomes. Moreover, a systematic restructure of university curriculum, including implementation of prior cornerstone and keystone courses, is necessary to make capstone courses work successfully. Since capstone courses are an imported idea, the present article hoped to provoke more discussions on this issue, thus making future implementation of capstone courses more smoothly.

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